Foundations: This Is Your Brain
Lecture DescriptionThis lecture introduces students to two broad theories of how the mind relates to the body. Dualism is the ubiquitous and intuitive feeling that our conscious mind is separate from our physical bodies, whereas Materialism is the idea that all of our mental states are caused by physical states of the brain. This lecture reviews arguments explaining why materialism has become the predominant theory of mind in psychology. This discussion is followed by a basic overview of the neurophysiology of the brain.
Introduction – Foundations: This Is Your Brain – Foundations: Freud – Foundations: Skinner – What Is It Like to Be a Baby: The Development of Thought – How Do We Communicate?: Language in the Brain, Mouth – Conscious of the Present; Conscious of the Past: Language – Conscious of the Present; Conscious of the Past – Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Love – Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Evolution and Rationality – Evolution, Emotion, and Reason: Emotions – Why Are People Different?: Differences – What Motivates Us: Sex – A Person in the World of People: Morality – A Person in the World of People: Self and Other – What Happens When Things Go Wrong: Mental Illness – The Good Life: Happiness