Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior

Yale , Prof.Stephen C. Stearns

LECTURE24 :

Climate and the Distribution of Life on Earth

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Lecture Description

Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior (EEB 122)This lecture provides an overview of the physical aspects of earth's biomes. Temperature, water, latitude, and altitude all come into play. Regions with similar levels of these climatic features tend to have similar life-forms living there. These same climatic features can also affect weather patterns, which in turn affect life by altering habitats and ecosystems. On a large enough scale, such as El Niño, these weather patterns can affect life all over the earth.00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 04:05 - Chapter 2. Physics and Chemistry of Climate 22:01 - Chapter 3. Hurricanes and El Ni√±o 30:37 - Chapter 4. Ocean-Coast Interactions 34:01 - Chapter 5. Biomes of the Earth 39:32 - Chapter 6. Climatic HistoryComplete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/coursesThis course was recorded in Spring 2009.

Course Description

The Nature of Evolution: Selection, Inheritance, and History – Basic Transmission Genetics – Adaptive Evolution: Natural Selection – Neutral Evolution: Genetic Drift – How Selection Changes the Genetic Composition of Population – The Origin and Maintenance of Genetic Variation – The Importance of Development in Evolution – The Expression of Variation: Reaction Norms – The Evolution of Sex – Genomic Conflict – Life History Evolution – Sex Allocation – Sexual Selection – Species and Speciation – Phylogeny and Systematics – Comparative Methods: Trees, Maps, and Traits – Key Events in Evolution – Major Events in the Geological Theatre – The Fossil Record and Life’s History – Coevolution – Evolutionary Medicine – The Impact of Evolutionary Thought on the Social Sciences – The Logic of Science – Climate and the Distribution of Life on Earth – Interactions with the Physical Environment – Population Growth: Density Effects – Interspecific Competition – Ecological Communities – Island Biogeography and Invasive Species – Energy and Matter in Ecosystems – Why So Many Species? The Factors Affecting Biodiversity – Economic Decisions for the Foraging Individual – Evolutionary Game Theory: Fighting and Contests – Mating Systems and Parental Care – Alternative Breeding Strategies – Selfishness and Altruism

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