Selfishness and Altruism
Lecture DescriptionPrinciples of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior (EEB 122)Originally, altruism and self-sacrifice were thought to be incompatible with natural selection, even by Darwin. Now we have several explanations for how altruism can increase an individual's fitness. One is kin selection, or the idea that helping relatives can help increase one's genes in the population. Another involves ecological constraints and punishments. Here, individuals contribute to the group and wait their turn to reproduce.00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 01:49 - Chapter 2. Group Selection 07:24 - Chapter 3. Kin Selection 18:19 - Chapter 4. Ecological Constraints and Punishments 22:51 - Chapter 5. Reciprocal Altruism 28:21 - Chapter 6. ConclusionComplete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/coursesThis course was recorded in Spring 2009.
The Nature of Evolution: Selection, Inheritance, and History – Basic Transmission Genetics – Adaptive Evolution: Natural Selection – Neutral Evolution: Genetic Drift – How Selection Changes the Genetic Composition of Population – The Origin and Maintenance of Genetic Variation – The Importance of Development in Evolution – The Expression of Variation: Reaction Norms – The Evolution of Sex – Genomic Conflict – Life History Evolution – Sex Allocation – Sexual Selection – Species and Speciation – Phylogeny and Systematics – Comparative Methods: Trees, Maps, and Traits – Key Events in Evolution – Major Events in the Geological Theatre – The Fossil Record and Life’s History – Coevolution – Evolutionary Medicine – The Impact of Evolutionary Thought on the Social Sciences – The Logic of Science – Climate and the Distribution of Life on Earth – Interactions with the Physical Environment – Population Growth: Density Effects – Interspecific Competition – Ecological Communities – Island Biogeography and Invasive Species – Energy and Matter in Ecosystems – Why So Many Species? The Factors Affecting Biodiversity – Economic Decisions for the Foraging Individual – Evolutionary Game Theory: Fighting and Contests – Mating Systems and Parental Care – Alternative Breeding Strategies – Selfishness and Altruism