Global Problems of Population Growth
Yale,, Spring 2009 , Prof. Robert Wyman
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Updated On 02 Feb, 19
Evolution of Sex and Reproductive Strategies - Sex and Violence Among the Apes - From Ape to Human - When Humans Were Scarce - Why Is Africa Different? - Malthusian Times - Demographic Transition in Europe; Mortality Decline - Demographic Transition in Europe; Fertility Decline - Demographic Transition in Europe - Quantitative Aspects - Low Fertility in Developed Countries (Guest Lecture by Michael Teitelbaum) - Human and Environmental Impacts - Fertility Attitudes and Practices - Demographic Transition in Developing Countries - Female Disadvantage - Population in Traditional China - Population in Modern China - Economic Impact of Population Growth - Economic Motivations for Fertility - Teen Sexuality and Teen Pregnancy - Global Demography of Abortion - Media and the Fertility Transition in Developing Countries (Guest Lecture by William Ryerson) - Biology and History of Abortion - Population and the Environment
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Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150)
Prior to Malthus, population growth was seen as good for the power and wealth of a country. The rapid population growth of America was crucial in expelling England (via the Revolution) and France (via the Louisiana Purchase) from the US. But in fact, the numbers of the poor were growing in Europe in the 1700s. Malthus argued that poverty was due to an imbalance between people and resources; since population could rise very fast, it could always outstrip any gains in productivity. He did not anticipate an exponential increase in production or a voluntary decrease in fertility. However, Malthus thinking is still important because high population levels and environmental limitations are in fact problematic today. By the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, mortality was falling in Europe and this caused a population explosion. The productivity gains of the Industrial Revolution were nearly balanced by the increased population; per capita income of the working classes was not much improved. Fertility didnt drop until late in the nineteenth century; per capita income started to grow rapidly. The reason for the fertility decline is not well explained by declining mortality or rising standard of living or any other socioeconomic factor. The mortality and later fertility drop is called the Demographic Transition. The extension of lifespan and the freedom from continual childbearing and child rearing is one of the most important changes ever in what it means to be a human.
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website httpopen.yale.educourses
This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Sep 12, 2018
Excellent course helped me understand topic that i couldn't while attendinfg my college.
March 29, 2019
Great course. Thank you very much.