Foundations of Modern Social Theory

Yale, , Prof. Iván Szelényi

Updated On 02 Feb, 19


Introduction - Hobbes: Authority, Human Rights and Social Order - Locke: Equality, Freedom, Property and the Right to Dissent - The Division of Powers- Montesquieu - Rousseau: Popular Sovereignty and General Will - Rousseau on State of Nature and Education - Utilitarianism and Liberty, John Stuart Mill - Smith: The Invisible Hand - Marx's Theory of Alienation-Marx's Theory of Historical Materialism - Marx's Theory of Historical Materialism -Nietzsche on Power, Knowledge and Morality - freud on Sexuality and Civilization - Weber on Protestantism and Capitalism - Conceptual Foundations of Weber's Theory of Domination - Weber on Traditional Authority - Weber on Charismatic Authority-Weber on Legal - Rational Authority - Weber's Theory of Class - Durkheim and Types of Social Solidarity - Durkheim's Theory of Anomie - Durkheim on Suicide - Durkheim and Social Facts


Lecture 4:

4.1 ( 11 )

Lecture Details

Foundations of Modern Social Thought (SOCY 151)

We shift from seventeenth century England to eighteenth century France and from the methodological individualism of Hobbes and Locke to the methodological collectivism of Montesquieu and Rousseau. Working from a perspective that there is a general will apart and above the sum of the opinions of individuals, Montesquieus work focuses primarily on the law and on manners of governing rather than the question of who governs. Like Locke, Montesquieu argues that the powers of government should be separated. Montesquieus plan of separation between executive, legislative, and judicial powers is what the United States Constitution follows. Montesquieu asserts that the climate and environment affect men as individuals as well as society. Although many of his specific ideas seem quite silly now, we must give credit to Montesquieu for being perhaps the first social and political thinker to seriously consider the environment.

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale
Courses website httpopen.yale.educourses

This course was recorded in Fall 2009.



2 Ratings
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Excellent course helped me understand topic that i couldn't while attendinfg my college.

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Great course. Thank you very much.