Introduction to Propulsion : The making of thrust to fly – science and history of propulsion; How the jet engines make thrust : conceptual basis; Jet engine : Turbo-jet, Turbo-fans, Turbo prop, Turbo-shaft.
Thermodynamic basis of Propulsion devices : Basic concepts ; System-Boundary, Surroundings; State, Stable Equilibrium, State Co-ordinates and parameters, Extensive and Intensive Parameters; Energy interactions, Work and Heat transfers, Equilibrium, Quasistatic and Reversible process, Non-equilibrium and Irreversible Processes; Zeroeth Law and Temperature, First Law and Internal Energy; Second Law – Entropy and Absolute Temperature; Third Law and Absolute Entropy – Thermodynamics of simple compressible systems, State postulate, Fundamental Representations, Thermodynamic Potentials; Jacobean and Legender Transformations – Maxwell’s Equations, Derivation of thermodynamic properties. Applications: Closed and open systems, Polytropic processes, Cyclic process – Carnot’s cycle; Gas and vapour power cycles; Mixtures of gases and vapours, One-D compressible flow, isentropic flow, flow with friction and heat transfer, supersonic flow and normal shock.
Piston –Prop Engines for Aircraft : The Otto cycles; IC engines for aircraft application Reciprocating engine performance; Supercharging and Performance enhancement; Propeller fundamentals & Theories – Ideal cycles for Jet Propulsion – Introduction to Missiles, Rockets & Space Propulsion.
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