This course proposes to discuss the relationship between social processes and demographic transition in India.
Therefore, it focuses on introducing the tools and techniques of social demography,Indian data on demographic trends, and theories propounded to explain the available data.
It is expected that after doing this course the students would be familiar with the basic techniques, data and theories of social demography and will be well equipped to take up advanced studies in a selected field of population studies as a subfield of sociology. Specifically it focuses on the following:
Introduction:
Population studies as a branch of social sciences. Basic concepts in population studies. Relationship between population and society.
Sociological approaches to population. Quantitative and qualitative studies of population. Size, growth, composition and distribution of population.
Basic characteristics of Indian society:
Society and culture of India. Structure of Indian society. Sanskritization and Westernization. Dilemmas of development and modernization.
Research methods in population studies:
Primary and secondary data. Quantitative data. Introduction to census, national sample survey, RCH surveys, DLHS and SRS. Analytical approaches.
Qualitative data. Interview, observation and focus group discussion methods.Measures of fertility, morbidity, mortality, migration.
Demographic models:
Mathematical and statistical modeling. History of demographic models. Contemporary issues.
Limitations of mathematical and statistical models.
History of world population growth and its impact on society:
Population in ancient times. Demographic transition. Population in early Twentieth century.
Demographic schism between developed and developing countries. Future prospects.
Population of India:
Phases of population growth in India. Post-independence population explosion.
Its impact on society and economy. Recent trends. Future prospects.
Urbanization and development:
Definition of urbanization. Measurements of urbanization. Theories of urbanization and development. Urbanization in India.
Population theories:
Demographic transition theory. Malthusian and Marxian theories of population. Daly’s synthesis. Optimum population theory.
Threshold hypothesis. Gandhian theory. Hardin’s concept of space ship and its implications.
Population policy and family planning programmes:
Population policy. Prenatal and antenatal policies. Effectiveness of population policies.
Family planning programme and beyond family planning measures to control fertility.
National population policy:
Family planning programme in India. Gandhian approach. Clinical approach. Extension education. Mass vasectomy camps.
Population policy statement by Dr. Karan Singh. Revision by Janata Party. National Population Policy (NPP) 2000. Critical evaluation of NPP.
Ecological degradation and environmental pollution:
Population as a component of ecology. Environment impact assessment. Population and environment. Envirnomental beliefs.
Emerging issues in sociology of population:
The framework of Millennium Development Goals. Reproductive and child health.
Gender inequalities and empowerment of women. Reducing maternal mortality.

Other Resources

Course Curriculum

Introduction Details 1:3:4
Basics Concepts Details 47:45
Perspectives On Population Details 53:16
Indian Society Details 56:51
Social Change in India Details 55:59
India:A Developing Economy Details 55:44
Methodology Details 59:38
Primary and Secondry Data and Related Issues Details 58:25
Sources of Population Data Details 56:16
Participatory Rural Appraisal Details 55:8
Demographic Models Details 1:23:7
Demographic models-II Details 50:30
Contemporary Issues In Modelling Population Processes Details
World Population Growth Details 57:31
Demographic Transition in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries Details 53:6
Demographic schism between Developed and Developing Countries and Future Prospects Details 55:52
History Of Growth Details 56:59
Population of India-II Details 56:57
Trends In Death and Birth Rates Details 58:44
Population projections,Migration and Future Prospects Details 1:1:11
Urbanization and Development Details 55:11
Urbanization in India Details 56:56
Theories Of urbanization and Development Details 1:1:1
Future Of Urbanization In India Details 58:17
Population Theories Details 58:20
Marxist theory Of Population Details 59:53
Demographic Transition Theory and Related Issues Details 58:45
Gandhian Theory Of population Details 58:31
Population Policy Details 52:52
Effectiveness Of population Policies Details 56:58
Family Planning Programme and Beyond Details 56:40
National Population Policy Details 52:21
The First Policy Statement Details 39:17
Subsequent Developments Leading To National Population Policy 2000 Details 56:53
Ecological Degradation and Environmental Protection Details 46:15
Differences In Perception Between Developed and Developing Countries Details 42:47
Total Environment Impact and Beliefs Details 53:49
Emerging Issues In sociology Of Population Details 55:10
Population Issues In The framework of MDGs Details 57:46
Population Issues (Cont.) Details 57:45

Video lessons are provided by IIT Kanpur as part of NPTEL Video tutorials.

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