The Socio-Economic Role of Scarcity and Uncertainty – The Process of Construction of Knowledge – The roles of Faith and Experience – From Orphism to the Milesians in ancient Greece – Pythagoras and Heraclitus – From Parmenides to the atomists – From the ancient Greece to the emergence of Feudalism – Feudalism and the growth of the Church – The age of Faith: Europe until the crusades – The beginnings of modernity – Scholasticism and St.Thomas – Transformation of Europe towards modernity – Birth of political economy: mercantilism
The debate over mercantilism: Hume and Cantillon – A postscript to mercantilism: Hume and James Stewart – ‘Natural Order’ and the market: Quesney and Galiani – Smith: the Invisible Hand – Smith: Growth theory, long run equilibrium and Institutions – Ricardo-Malthus debate – Ricardian economics and more – Equilibrium of the market: from Say to Walras
More on Equilibrium: Cournot, Dupuit, Gossen, von Thunen – Socialists and Marx – The economics of Marx – Marx as an ideologue of revolution – Arrival of modern universals in Economics: Neo classical school – Economic Theory at the time arrival of Keynes – The centrality of the idea of efficiency in the study of market – Keynesian Revolution: Macroeconomics
Keynesian economics – Economics of Institutions – Transaction cost and Economic Anthropology approaches – Evolutionary Economics: the idea of change as evolution – From Schumpeter to neo Schumpetarian evolutionism – The social construction of knowledge: Case of Economics – The social construction of knowledge: Adaptation and Revolution
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