Introduction : Scope and objective; Nature and types of dynamic loading; Importance of soil dynamics
Vibration theory : Vibration of elementary systems; Degrees of freedom (SDOF and MDOF systems); Equation of motion for SDOF system; Types of vibrations; Earthquake excitation; Undamped and damped free vibrations; Torsional vibration; Critical damping; Decay of motion; Undamped and damped forced vibration; Constant force and rotating mass oscillators; Dynamic magnification factor; Transmissibility ratio; Non-harmonic, arbitrary, impact and other types of forced vibrations; Duhamel’s integral; Taxing of vehicles on uneven roads; Vibration isolation; Vibration measuring instruments; Equation of motion for MDOF system.
Wave Propagation : Longitudinal and torsional waves in infinitely long rod; Solution for one-dimensional and three-dimensional equations of motion; Waves in semi-infinite body; Waves in layered medium; Earthquake waves – P-wave, S-wave, Rayleigh wave and Love wave; Locating earthquake’s epicenter.
Dynamic Soil Properties : Stresses in soil element; Determination of dynamic soil properties; Field tests; Laboratory tests; Model tests; Stress-strain behavior of cyclically loaded soils; Estimation of shear modulus; Modulus reduction curve; Damping ratio; Linear, equivalent-linear and non-linear models; Ranges and applications of dynamic soil tests; Cyclic plate load test; Liquefaction; Screening and estimation of liquefaction; Simplified procedure for liquefaction estimation; Factor of safety; Cyclic stress ratio; Cyclic resistance ratio; CRR correlations with SPT, CPT, SASW test values.
Machine Foundations : Types of machines; Basic design criteria; Methods of analysis; Mass-Spring-Dashpot model; Elastic-Half-Space theory; Tschebotarioff’s reduced natural frequency method; Types of foundations; Modes of vibrations; Vertical, sliding, torsional (yawing) and rocking (and pitching) modes of oscillations; Design guidelines as per codes; Typical design problems.
Soil Improvement Techniques : Basic concept of soil improvement due to dynamic loading; Various methods; Mitigation of liquefaction
Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction : Dynamic earth pressures; Force and displacement based analysis; Pseudo-static and Pseudo-dynamic analysis; Guidelines of various design codes; Dynamic analyses of various geotechnical structures like retaining wall, soil slope, railway subgrade and ballast using MSD model.
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