Cement : Production, composition, and properties; cement chemistry;
Types of cements; special cements.
Aggregates : Mineralogy; properties, tests and standards.
Chemical and mineral admixtures : Water reducers, air entrainers, set controllers, specialty admixtures – structure properties, and effects on concrete properties – Introduction to supplementary cementing materials and pozzolans – Fly ash, blast furnace slag, silica fume, and metakaolin – their production, properties, and effects on concrete properties – Other mineral additives – reactive and inert.
Concrete mix design : Basic principles; IS method; ACI method; new approaches based on rheology and particle packing.
Concrete Production & Fresh concrete : Batching of ingredients; mixing, transport, and placement – Consolidation, finishing, and curing of concrete; initial and final set – significance and measurement – Workability of concrete and its measurement – Engineering properties of concrete : Compressive strength and parameters affecting it – Tensile strength – direct and indirect; Modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio – Stress strain response of concrete.
Dimensional stability and durability : Creep and relaxation – parameters affecting; Shrinkage of concrete – types and significance – Parameters affecting shrinkage; measurement of creep and shrinkage.
Durability of concrete : Introduction to durability; relation between durability and permeability – Chemical attack of concrete; corrosion of steel rebars; other durability issues.
Special concretes : Properties and applications of: High strength – high performance concrete, reactive powder concrete – Lightweight, heavyweight, and mass concrete; fibre reinforced concrete; self-compacting concrete; shotcrete; other special concretes.
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