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An Introduction to Riemann Surfaces and Algebraic Curves: Complex 1-Tori and Elliptic Curves

IIT Madras, , Prof. T.E. Venkata Balaji

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Lecture 45: Punctured Complex Tori are Elliptic Algebraic Affine Plane

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An Introduction to Riemann Surfaces and Algebraic Curves Complex 1-Tori and Elliptic Curves by Dr. T.E. Venkata Balaji, Department of Mathematics, IIT Madras. For more details on NPTEL visit httpwww.nptel.iitm.ac.insyllabus111106044Goals of Lecture 43 In this and the forthcoming lectures, our aim is to show that complex tori are algebraic, i.e., that they are actually elliptic algebraic projective curves. This is the reason that complex tori exhibit a rich geometry which involves a beautiful interplay between their complex analytic properties and the algebraic geometric and number theoretic properties of the elliptic curves they are associated to. It is a deep and nontrivial theorem that any compact Riemann surface is algebraic, so such Riemann surfaces exhibit a rich geometry as in the case of complex tori Towards the above end, in this lecture we begin by identifying any punctured complex torus with a plane curve in complex 2-space. This plane curve is called the associated elliptic algebraic affine plane cubic curve. For this identification we make use of the Weierstrass phe-function associated to the complex torus, its derivative, their properties and the first order degree two cubic ordinary differential equation that they satisfyKeywords for Lecture 43 Upper half-plane, complex torus associated to a lattice (or) grid in the plane, fundamental parallelogram associated to a lattice, doubly-periodic meromorphic function (or) elliptic function associated to a lattice, Weierstrass phe-function associated to a lattice, ordinary differential equation satisfied by the Weierstrass phe-function, zeros of the derivative of the Weierstrass phe-function, pole of order two (or) double pole with residue zero, triple pole (or) pole of order three, cubic equation, elliptic algebraic cubic curve, zeros of a polynomial equation, bicontinuous map (or) homeomorphism, open map, order of an elliptic function, elliptic integral, Argument principle, even function, odd function, analytic branch of the square root, simply connected, punctured torus, elliptic algebraic affine cubic plane curve, projective plane cubic curve, complex affine two-space, complex projective two-space, one-point compactification by adding a point at infinity

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Sam

Excellent course helped me understand topic that i couldn't while attendinfg my college.

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Dembe

Great course. Thank you very much.

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