Properties of Surfaces : Introduction – Blackbody radiation – Properties of real surfaces – Spectral and directional variations.
Radiation exchange between surfaces : Shape factor – Triangular enclosure – Evaluation of shape factors – Radiation in enclosures – Electrical analogy – Applications – Non-gray enclosures – Enclosure with Specular surfaces – Integral method for enclosures.
Gas Radiation : Introduction to gas radiation – Plane parallel model – Diffusion approximation – Radiative equilibrium – Optically thick limit – Radiation spectroscopy – Isothermal gas emissivity – Band models – Total Emissivity method – Isothermal gas enclosures – Well-stirred furnace model – Gas radiation in complex enclosures – Interaction between radiation and other modes of heat transfer – Radiation heat transfer during flow over flat plate.
Scattering : Radiation and Climate : Radiative-convective equilibrium – Radiative equilibrium with scattering – Radiation measurement – Radiation with internal heat source – Particle scattering – Scattering in the atmosphere – Non-isotropic scattering – Approximate methods in scattering – Monte Carlo method
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