The Civil War and Reconstruction Era, 1845-1877

Yale Course , Spring 2008 , Prof. David Blight

112 students enrolled

Overview

Introductions: Why Does the Civil War Era Have a Hold on American Historical - Southern Society: Slavery, King Cotton, and Antebellum America's - A Southern World View: The Old South and Proslavery Ideology - A Northern World View: Yankee Society, Antislavery Ideology and the Abolition Movement - Telling a Free Story: Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Myth and Reality - Expansion and Slavery: Legacies of the Mexican War and the Compromise of 1850 - "A Hell of a Storm": The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Birth of the Republican Party, 1854-55 - Dred Scott, Bleeding Kansas, and the Impending Crisis of the Union, 1855-58 - John Brown's Holy War: Terrorist or Heroic Revolutionary? - The Election of 1860 and the Secession Crisis - Slavery and State Rights, Economies and Ways of Life: What Caused the Civil War? - "And the War Came," 1861: The Sumter Crisis, Comparative Strategies - Terrible Swift Sword: The Period of Confederate Ascendency, 1861-1862 - Never Call Retreat: Military and Political Turning Points in 1863 - Lincoln, Leadership, and Race: Emancipation as Policy - Days of Jubilee: The Meanings of Emancipation and Total War - Homefronts and Battlefronts: - "War So Terrible": Why the Union Won and the Confederacy Lost at Home and Abroad - To Appomattox and Beyond: The End of the War and a Search for Meanings - Wartime Reconstruction: Imagining the Aftermath and a Second American Republic - Andrew Johnson and the Radicals: A Contest over the Meaning of Reconstruction - Constitutional Crisis and Impeachment of a President - Black Reconstruction in the South: The Freedpeople and the Economics of Land and Labor - Retreat from Reconstruction: The Grant Era and Paths to The "End" of Reconstruction: Disputed Election of 1876, and the "Compromise of 1877" - Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory - Legacies of the Civil War

Lecture 22: Constitutional Crisis and Impeachment of a President

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        Lecture Details

        The Civil War and Reconstruction (HIST 119) Professor Blight continues his discussion of the political history of Reconstruction. The central figure in the early phase of Reconstruction was President Andrew Johnson. Under Johnsons stewardship, southern whites held constitutional conventions throughout 1865, drafting new constitutions that outlawed slavery but changed little else. When the Republican-dominated U.S. Congress reassembled late in 1865, they put a stop to Johnsons leniency and inaugurated Radical (or Congressional) Reconstruction, a process that resulted in the immediate passage of the Civil Rights bill and the Fourteenth Amendment, and the eventual passage of four Reconstruction Acts. The Congressional elections in 1866 and Johnsons disastrous "Swing Around the Circle" speaking tour strengthened Radical control over Congress. Each step of the way, Johnson did everything he could to obstruct Congressional Reconstruction, setting the stage for his impeachment in 1868. 0000 - Chapter 1. Introduction 0156 - Chapter 2. Johnsons Limited Stance and Approach to Reconstruction 1449 - Chapter 3. The Republican Congresss Radical Reconstruction 2541 - Chapter 4. The Reconstruction Amendments Civil Rights and Citizenship 4306 - Chapter 5. Johnsons "Swing Around the Circle" and Impeachment Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website httpopen.yale.educourses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.

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